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Orthopedics is the study of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic doctors help patients with the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of problems associated with the bone, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves of the body.

Orthopedics is a branch of surgery which initially started as a treatment catering to bone deformities in children. The Greek words from which the term has been derived also mean straight and child, which states the origin of the profession. In today’s world, that is not it what Orthopedics is for. The way we do things has changed, and so has the understanding of the form of treatment among doctors.

Now, if you would ask an orthopedic doctor what really orthopedic surgery is, he/she will tell you that it deals with any issue that concerns with your musculoskeletal system. The form of treatments used in this area is not only surgical, and they can be non-surgical as well based on the kind of problem that the patient is going through. In a normal circumstance, any orthopedic surgeon would be treating sports injuries, infections, congenital disorders and other similar problems.

Types Orthopedics Treatments in India

**Joint replacement

This is the kind of orthopedic joint surgery a doctor would perform on someone with degenerated and diseased joints. The patient usually experiences pain during such a condition and to relieve him from that and give him/her more freedom of movement. An orthopedic surgeon would go with joint replacement. The most common parts where joint replacement is done are hips and knees. With technological advancement, things like entire hip replacement, knee, shoulder, wrist and many more are possible easily.

**Keyhole Surgery

Also, known as Arthroscopic surgery, this is the kind of treatment which deals with only the joints in our body. It can be done in any part of the body, but the most popular spot for its knees. The name that it has comes from the fact that the incision during the surgery is the size of a keyhole. Unlike many orthopedic surgeries, the patient recovers in the orthopedic treatment hospital quite quickly here as long as he/she does good exercise afterwards.

**Spinal Surgery

A lot of times, people are born with certain spinal disorders and some they develop over time; these can be fixed with the help of this treatment. Although, this is the trickiest surgery out of all that are concerned with orthopedics because it needs an entire team of anesthesiologists, neurosurgeons, neurologists and many more people are working together. Traditional disc surgeries, spinal tumours etc. can now be treated easily under orthopedic treatment packages.

**Arthritis Care

Arthritis can be of various kinds, but it is primarily the pain caused by wear and tear of the cartilage. Joint pain is very common because of the same, and it is not curable but over time orthopedic care can help relieve a little pain.

**Pediatric Orthopedics

This is the category of orthopedic treatment which is concerned with only children. The problems under treatment can be anything from pediatric trauma, metabolic diseases, and genetic disorder of any kind. Such infections and deformities can be corrected with the help of orthopedic surgery, and it was anyways, something that was for children only. With time, Orthopedic Hospitals have expanded their horizon.